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Things to Consider Before Building a Volleyball Court in Your Yard

Volleyball is a great sport for both the physically fit and skilled, and any backyard enthusiast.  The beauty of the sport is that all levels can compete.  Volleyball is a fun sport to play at family get-togethers, reunions, block parties and kid events.  If you really want to host some fun parties and have a place to blow off steam in your own backyard, building a volleyball court can be a perfect thing to make.  I'm going to go over all that you will need to know to build your own volleyball court in your backyard.  

Best Places to Build a Volleyball Court

Where you want to build your volleyball court is up to you.  I'll give a few ideas here:

A Flat Surface

Anywhere that has a flat surface is a great place to build a volleyball court.  Although you could dig out any small hills, it is easier to find an area that is already flat.

An Area with Plenty of Room

You will want to build your volleyball court in an area with plenty of room.  The volleyball court dimensions should be around 40' x 70'.  Make sure that you build your volleyball court in an area with that much space.  Also, it is recommended to build your volleyball court with some extra space around it.  Therefore, the entire volleyball court dimensions will be bigger.

Do You Want Privacy?

If you want privacy, consider building your volleyball court in an area that is blocked by trees, your house, or a fence.  A lot of people have built their volleyball court in their backyard where no one can see them.

How to Make a DIY Sand Volleyball Court

Now that you have an idea of where to build your volleyball court, it is time to start building.  Remember to choose a flat, large area to build, with some extra space on the outside of the volleyball court.  Now, let's get started on learning how to build a volleyball court.

1. Decide Where You Want to Build It

Start by deciding where you want to build your volleyball court.  I gave you some suggestions earlier, such as building it in a place with privacy and plenty of room.  Before building, you will also want to make a volleyball field diagram.  A volleyball field diagram will give you an idea of how to build a volleyball court.  Later in this article I'll instruct you how to draw a volleyball diagram.

2. Begin Digging

You will want to dig 1 1/2 to 3 feet deep.  Next, you will need to dig a drainage ditch.  Lay perforated drainage pipe across the volleyball court, and have it open to the drainage ditch.  Do not attempt to use corrugated drain pipe, because it will collapse under the weight of the sand.  Proper drainage is very important.  Sand will retain water, and that may result into large water puddles.

3. Add Pea Gravel

Cover the entire volleyball court with a few inches to a foot of pea gravel.  If you do not want to buy that much pea gravel, you could simply spread some around the drain pipe.  The purpose of the pea gravel is to allow your volleyball court to have proper drainage.  It will also help the top layer of sand to not plug up the drain pipe.

4. Add Sand

The next step to building a volleyball court is to add the sand.  You will want to cover the entire volleyball court with a foot or two of sand.  Make sure the sand is not dusty, nor sharp if anyone falls.  You will want to use sand that is soft to land on, yet not dusty to breathe.

5.  Add the Poles

Now it is time to add the poles.  The poles are what will hold the net up.  Each pole should be made of stainless steel, anodized aluminum, galvanized steel, or treated wood.  If you are using wood poles, the volleyball pole measurement should be 6 x 6.  The poles should be 10.5-16 feet long and cemented into a concrete footing measuring at least 1 foot in diameter and 3 feet deep.  The volleyball pole to pole distance should be the width of the volleyball court.

6. Attach the Net

The official measurements of a volleyball net are 32 feet long by 39 inches tall.  You will want the net to hang directly in the center so that it divides the volleyball court.  Therefore, make sure you dig the holes ahead of time in the correct place.  Also, slide the floor plates that come with your volleyball net through the poles.  Attach the net to the poles, and you are ready to play volleyball.

Volleyball Court Dimensions

After learning how to build a volleyball court, you may still be wondering "What are the dimensions of a volleyball court?"  Volleyball court dimensions will vary, depending on how tall the people playing it is.  The regulation volleyball court size, which is the official volleyball court size, must be at least 52’6” by 26’3”.  The exact volleyball court dimensions will vary depending on if it is for competition, and what age is playing it.  If you are younger, you would need to have the net be lower.  Unlike the regulation volleyball court size, high school volleyball court dimensions can be slightly different in size. Most sand volleyball court dimensions are 26.2 ft × 52.5 ft.  For your own backyard volleyball court, the volleyball court size should measure about 40' x 70'.  That would mean that the volleyball court length would be 70 feet.  Remember that how high you hang the net will depend on who is playing.

How High to Hang the Net

Hanging a volleyball net is not as hard as you may think.  Here is how to do it:

1. Remove the Floor Plates with an Allen Wrench

Most volleyball nets have floor plates that secure them to the ground.  Use an Allen wrench to loosen the floor plates.

2. Slide the Floor Plates Through the Poles

Slide the floor plates through the poles.  This will help keep your pole in place.

3. Tie the Net to the Poles

Next, tie a knot to each side of the net rope to the post hook on your pole, and thread the rope through the winch leader strap, a strap with a metal connector that hangs on the volleyball pole's side.  Tighten the winch so that the net reaches the desired height.

4. Tighten the Net Straps

Your volleyball net should come with net straps.  Grab the net straps and secure them onto your post hooks.  Continue pulling on it until your net is tight.

5. Tie Extra Rope to the Poles

If you have extra rope that you didn't use, tie it to the poles.  Make sure you don't tie it so tight that it is hard to untie.

Estimated Cost

The cost to build a sand volleyball court will depend on what materials you use, and where you bought them.  Here is the estimated cost:

  • Volleyball net - A couple hundred dollars.  Some may cost $1,000 though.
  • Sand - You will need about 166 tons of sand.  You may be able to find sand for $14 per ton, but it may be more or less.
  • Poles - The cost of poles will depend on where you get them.  You may be able to find poles that come with the net.  This will probably cost around a thousand dollars to buy the full kit.
  • Perforated drainage pipe - This should cost under $100.
  • Pea gravel - Pea gravel should cost about $40 per ton.  You will need t find out how much pea gravel you need for your volleyball court.
  • Volleyball - The volleyball itself should cost under $20.

How to Draw a Volleyball Diagram

At a first glance, a volleyball diagram may seem very confusing.  But once you know how to draw a volleyball diagram, you may be surprised at how easy it is. Start by deciding where you want to build your volleyball court.  Once you have decided, draw the volleyball court in that area.  Make sure to write down the dimensions of that area, so that you know how much space you have.  A volleyball court drawing should show the entire court.  Make sure you draw it without leaving anything out.  Label where the poles will go, where the back line and side line is, and where the zones are.  Also add the volleyball net to the diagram.  It may be helpful to label how long the net is, and what height it should be.  Remember, you may need to re-draw the diagram several times. That is completely fine.  It is important that you get the diagram right, and not make any mistakes.

Photo Credit: Conquest

How Old Is Volleyball?

Volleyball was invented in 1895.  It is actually a mixture of the games basketball, baseball, handball, and tennis.  The first rules, written down by William G Morgan, called for a net 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) high, a 25 ft × 50 ft (7.6 m × 15.2 m) court, and any number of players.  Later on, new rules developed.  The original game was actually spelled with two words (volley ball), but later on the words were joined together.

Conclusion

I hope that this How To Article, has motivated and equipped you to build your own volleyball court in your backyard.  It is not hard, but it will require a little money and muscle power to get the job done.  Just think of how much fun that you'll have this Summer and Fall playing volleyball in your very own backyard.  Your home will be the hit of all parties and a place for your family to play.

Mariann Foster

I am one of our content writers for Everything Backyard. I am a mother and business owner of Big Horn Mountain Alpacas in Wyoming. I love farm life, cutting my own firewood in the mountains, and participating in local trail run races.

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