How to Care for Goats in Backyard: Your Friendly Guide

how to care for goats in backyard

If you’re considering raising goats in your backyard, it’s essential to learn how to care for them properly. Goats are fun, intelligent, and social animals that can make great pets and provide milk for your family. However, they require specific care and attention to ensure their health and happiness. In this guide, we’ll provide you with all the information you need to care for goats in your backyard, from creating a suitable shelter to providing proper nutrition and veterinary care.

Post Summary:
  • Learn essential tips and tricks to ensure the health and happiness of your backyard goats.
  • Provide a suitable shelter, proper nutrition, and veterinary care for your goats.
  • Exercise and enrichment are crucial for your goats’ physical and mental well-being.

Backyard Goat Care Essentials

Goats are social and intelligent animals that can make great backyard pets. As a responsible pet owner, it is your duty to ensure that your goats are healthy and happy. Here are some essential backyard goat care tips:

Providing a Suitable Shelter

Creating an appropriate shelter is crucial for your goats’ comfort and safety. A suitable shelter should be spacious, well-ventilated, and provide protection from the elements. You can build or purchase a goat shelter that meets these requirements. It should ideally have a raised floor to keep the goats dry, and windows for natural light and ventilation. The shelter should be kept clean and free of any hazardous materials.

Feeding and Nutrition

A balanced diet is essential for your goats’ health. The diet should include hay, grains, and fresh water. Goats also enjoy eating fresh fruits and vegetables. You should feed them twice a day and provide supplements if necessary. Make sure their food is stored in a clean and dry place, and provide a separate feeding area to avoid overcrowding.

Health and Veterinary Care

Regular veterinary care is essential to keep your goats healthy. You should consult with a veterinarian for vaccinations, deworming, and general check-ups. It is important to monitor your goats’ health and recognize signs of illness. Common health issues in goats include respiratory infections, parasites, and digestive problems. Early detection and treatment are crucial to ensure the best chance of recovery.

Exercise and Enrichment

Goats need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy. You can provide them with a play area to climb, jump, and run around. You can also engage them in games or puzzles that stimulate their minds. Social interaction is also essential for goats, so consider getting more than one goat.

By following these backyard goat care essentials, you can provide a safe and nurturing environment for your goats.

Creating a Suitable Shelter

When it comes to caring for backyard goats, providing a suitable shelter is essential. Your goats need a safe and comfortable place to rest, especially during extreme weather conditions.

The ideal size of the shelter will depend on the number of goats you have and their size. As a general rule, you should provide at least 15 to 20 square feet of space per goat. The shelter should also be at least six feet tall, allowing for adequate headroom.

When it comes to materials, you have various options ranging from wood to metal to plastic. Whatever you choose, ensure that the materials are sturdy and can withstand harsh weather conditions.

Additionally, provide necessary amenities such as water troughs, feeding troughs, and bedding. The bedding can be made of various materials such as straw, hay, or shavings. Ensure that the bedding is clean and dry at all times to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria or fungi.

Finally, remember to keep the shelter clean and well-maintained. Regular cleaning and disinfection help prevent the spread of diseases among your goats.

Feeding and Nutrition

Feeding your backyard goats a nutritious diet is crucial to their overall health and wellbeing. A goat’s diet should consist of high-quality hay, such as timothy or alfalfa, as well as fresh grass and access to clean water at all times.

In addition to hay and grass, you can supplement your goat’s diet with grains, such as oats or corn, and protein-rich foods, like soybean or alfalfa meal. However, it is essential to provide these supplements in moderation, as overfeeding can lead to health issues.

It is also crucial to establish a feeding schedule and stick to it. Goats thrive on routine and will quickly become accustomed to a regular feeding time. You should feed your goats two to three times a day, depending on their age and activity level.


Supplements can be a great addition to your goat’s diet, but it is vital to choose the right ones. Mineral and salt blocks can provide additional nutrition and help prevent mineral deficiencies. Additionally, probiotics and other supplements can aid in digestion and support immune function.

When selecting supplements, be sure to choose those specifically formulated for goats. Consult with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist to determine which supplements are appropriate for your goats and in what amounts.

Health and Veterinary Care

Ensuring the health of your backyard goats is crucial to their overall well-being. It’s important to find a trusted veterinarian that specializes in goat care. They can provide regular checkups, vaccinations, and deworming. It’s also essential to recognize signs of illness or injury so that you can seek immediate treatment.

Some common health issues to look out for include respiratory infections, hoof problems, and parasites. Respiratory infections can cause coughing, nasal discharge, and difficulty breathing. Hoof problems can lead to lameness and discomfort. Parasites can cause diarrhea, weight loss, and anemia.

In addition, it’s important to maintain proper hygiene and sanitation in your goat’s living area. This includes regularly cleaning their shelter and providing clean bedding. You should also provide access to fresh, clean water at all times.

By staying on top of your goat’s health and veterinary care, you can ensure that they live a happy and healthy life in your backyard.

Exercise and Enrichment

Goats are energetic animals that require plenty of exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Providing them with ample space to roam around in your backyard is crucial. A good rule of thumb is to allow at least 250 square feet of space per goat. You can also create a designated area for them to run and play, such as a fenced-in enclosure or a goat jungle gym.

In addition to physical exercise, goats also need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. You can keep them entertained by providing them with various toys to play with, such as empty cardboard boxes, balls, and even a tetherball. You can also create obstacles for them to jump over and climb on.

Another way to keep your goats mentally stimulated is through training. Goats are intelligent animals that can learn a variety of commands and tricks. You can teach them to come when called, jump through hoops, or even follow you on a leash. When training your goats, be sure to use positive reinforcement techniques, like treats and praise.

Finally, it’s important to provide your goats with adequate shade and water when exercising outside. Make sure they always have access to fresh, clean water and a shady spot to rest when the sun is hot.

Can Goats Damage Sand Cover in Your Backyard?

If you have sand cover in your backyard, it’s possible for goats to cause damage. However, there are easy solutions for sand in backyard areas that can help mitigate this issue. Proper fencing can prevent goats from accessing the sand, while providing alternative grazing areas can redirect their attention. Additionally, creating designated play or grazing zones can minimize the impact on the sand cover.


Now that you have learned how to care for goats in your backyard, you are ready to provide a loving and nurturing environment for your new pets. Remember to maintain a clean and comfortable shelter, provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet, and keep up with their veterinary care.

Additionally, do not forget the importance of exercise and enrichment for your goats. Giving them space to roam and providing them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation can greatly improve their well-being and happiness.

Overall, by following the guidelines and tips provided in this guide, you are well on your way to becoming a responsible and caring backyard goat owner. Enjoy the experience and the rewards that come with having these lovely creatures as part of your family!


Q: How often should I feed my backyard goats?

A: Backyard goats should be fed twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening. Ensure they have access to fresh water at all times.

Q: What should I feed my backyard goats?

A: A balanced diet for backyard goats consists of hay, fresh grass, and grain. Consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate feed ratios and types for your goats.

Q: How much space do I need to provide for a goat shelter?

A: The ideal goat shelter should provide at least 15 square feet per goat. It should be well-ventilated, secure, and protected from extreme weather conditions.

Q: Do backyard goats require vaccinations?

A: Yes, backyard goats should receive vaccinations to protect them from common diseases. Consult with a veterinarian to develop a vaccination schedule for your goats.

Q: How can I tell if my goat is sick?

A: Look for signs of decreased appetite, lethargy, abnormal behavior, diarrhea, or changes in coat appearance. If you suspect your goat is sick, contact a veterinarian for guidance.

Q: Can backyard goats be trained to walk on a leash?

A: Yes, with patience and proper training, backyard goats can be taught to walk on a leash. Start by introducing them to the leash gradually and rewarding them with treats for positive behavior.

Q: How often should I trim my goat’s hooves?

A: Goats’ hooves should be trimmed every 6-8 weeks. Regular hoof trimming is essential to prevent overgrowth and potential hoof health issues.

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